Research: CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF SEMESTER AND ANNUAL SYSTEM

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Research Methodology

In this research, the main instrument for collecting primary data is questionnaire, Questionnaire, which consists the following questions and objectives.

  • Which system of examination Provides good grading criteria?
  • In which system of examination, students can obtain better marks.
  • In which system of examination Students can get better job opportunities
  • Which system Provides thorough understanding of concepts?
  • Under which system academic goals are focused?
  • In which system students does found busier in academic activities?
  • In which system Students does tested through different techniques?
  • Which system show better presentation skills?
  • In which system Students are academically over burden.
  • In which system, students are continuously Evaluated ?
  • To which system, teachers give consideration and concentration?
  • Which system is better for learning?

And Lastly Comparative study between Annual and Semester System of B Com and BBA students.

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Strength Of Research

The data collected through questionnaire give a realistic view of both systems of examination.
Researchers have personally collected data by face to-face meeting with students as well contacted them telephonically. This data is free from any bias and misinterpretation.

1: Which system of examination Provides good grading criteria?

Now we will see that how the students giving their responses to the effectiveness of both the systems. The data have collected through questionnaire from students of different institutions. The data show the following result regarding which system of examination provides good grading criteria. In compliance to this question, shows that 74% students out of 500 students have given preference to semester system and 20% students were in favour of annual system and remaining 6% students showed their tendency towards both systems. The questionnaire result can also be accessible with the help of diagram and pie chart as under.

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As clear from diagram and pie chart, most of the students inclined towards semester system of examination as far as better grading criteria is concerned. They distinguish that it is semester system in which students make good grades than other examination systems only 6% students favour both systems for better performance in examination

but overall it shows that majority of students favor semester system than other system.

2: In which system of examination, students can obtain better marks?


A questionnaire had distributed among 500 students of different colleges and institutions. In response, 420 students responded with semester system of examination and only 80 students showed their propensity towards annual systems, it means that 84% students out of 500 were favoured with semester system of examination. They consider that better marks can obtained through semester system of examination and only 16% were in favor of annual system. The data result is also presented with the help of figure as under.

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The figure illustrates the higher tendency level of student’s responses with favor of semester system and low-level with annual system.

3: In which system of examination Students can get better job opportunities?

The data collected through this questionnaire exhibits 250 students satisfy with semester system. They said that under semester system students could get jobs comparatively easily because students are up to date and secured better marks as well. Other 130 responded with annual system and remaining 120 students responded with both systems, 50% students  replied their views in favor of semester system of examination, 26% students showed their curiosity in annual system of examination and rest of 24% students have given their responses to both systems. We can also see the data presentation through diagrammatically as under.

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The questionnaire result show that students penchant regarding job opportunities and better job chances comes through semester system of education than other system.

4: Which system provides a thorough understanding of concept?


In compliance to this question, 350 students replied in favor of semester system out of 500, which shows that 70% students have given their assent for semester system, 16% , which were consisted 80 respondents, have given their consent for annual system. Other of 14%, which respondents have given their views for both system. The data have demonstrated with the help of the following diagram and chart.

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Most of the students from different institutes have participated in this questionnaire, researchers asked about the concept understanding, majority of the respondents have shown their tendency towards semester system, and in this regard, the above pie chart is evidence.

It seems that the large number of students believe that concept develops with semester system compare to annual system.

5: Under which system academic goals are focused?


In response, 45% students out of 500 responded that semester system is better than annual system because academic goals can easily achieved under semester system, 31% replied that annual system is better than semester system and remaining 24% replied both system are similar regarding focused academic goals. The collected data has postulated with the following diagram.

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The diagram presents the overall picture regarding annual and semester system of the inquired question.

It means semester system better in academic goals than annual system, and some students expressed their consents both system are equal in this regard.

6: In which system Students does tested through different techniques?


As compared to annual system, semester system has proved better. Most of the students who were participated and replied that semester system is better than annual system, 92% respondents out of 500 have shown their consent to semester system , they replied that student learns more in this system, only 8% of the population replied that annual system is better than semester. The data has presented in diagram is as under.

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It has cleared  from the above diagram that majority of the students shows the tendency towards semester system.

7: Which system show better presentation skills?

It is common practice that students who are studying under semester system are better in presentation and management skills than students of annual system are. Respondents have given their answer, when asked which system provides better presentation skills, the majority of student’s inclination towards semester system, which consist 500 students, all students have agreed that semester system provides better presentation skills than annual system. As we, can see responses with the help of following chart.

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All Respondents have absolutely in favor of semester system of examination, which shows 100% tendency towards it.

8: In which system students are academically overburden?

Under annual system, examination held at the end of each session /year, therefore most of the students does overburden academically. In semester system, examination held at the end of each semester, as course outlines divided into semesters, therefore students performs comparatively better. In this regard, 56% students have given their negative views about annual system, 16% respondents against semester system and remaining 28% responded to both systems. The outcome of the questionnaire in this regard is as under:

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The diagram shows that majority of students agree that we do have overburdened in annual system as compared to semester system of examination.

9: In which system students are continuously, Evaluated ?

Semester system provides opportunity for students to polish their selves with great extent through presentations, mid-term examinations, group discussions and submission of assignments etc with regular intervals.

In compliance to this question, 84% students responded for semester system, 10% students showed their consent for annual system and 6% respondents showed their expression for both systems.

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The above data from respondents shows that students can properly evaluate and appraise in semester system than annual system of examination.

10: To which system, teachers give consideration and concentration?


As we know that annual system takes more time to close the session, therefore the propensity of the teachers in semester system is greater than of annual system to teach with proper road map, full consideration and attention. The data collected through this questionnaire shows that majority of groups, that is 90 % responded to semester system , 6% responded for annual.

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The Blue Section shows the propensity of those students who showed their interest in semester system. Therefore, it is clear that targeted groups have given more time, consideration and concentration to semester system of examination.

11: Which system is better for learning?


In compliance to this question, 58 % students responded to semester system, they have agreed that semester system provides best learning opportunities. They consider that in semester system students’ goes through different techniques of learning, which are presentation skills, group discussions, assignment etc. On other hand 20% said that annual system of examination is best source of learning, and rest 22% replied that both systems of examination are better for learning perspective.

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They also said that learning depend upon students,  neither on examination system. We can also see the following diagram for further explanation.

Comparative results of B.Com / B.B.A  of two years of Government College of Management Sciences, Peshawar city, Pakistan

We have taken Government College of commerce, University of Peshawar,  Pakistan, as a sample. As  we know that, University of Peshawar conducts examination of B.Com through Annual system through out Province whereas B.B.A examination conducts through semester system, but here readers will observe visible difference in results of same college of same university. The semester system of examination is better in respect of aggregate as well in individual results than annual system of examination as actual data/results of year 2010-2011 reveals itself :

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In 2011, there were 265 students appeared for examination, in which 135 have passed and 130 students have failed whereas in same year 265 students have given the B.B.A examination in which 255 students have passed and 10 have failed.

The above data evident, that the Failure ratio was comparatively high in annual system of examination

Reference: International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences
September 2012, Vol. 2, No. 9