Diabetes Mellitus STATATISTICS

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LAUGHING PUTS THE BRAIN IN A MEDITATIVE STATE

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Laughing Buddha

Laughing could dramatically improve your health – and be as good for you as a deep state of meditation, researchers have found.

Studying the effects of the stress hormone cortisol on the brain, the researchers, decided to investigate whether laughter could affect its destructive impact on the body.

They found that laughter reduces the negative effects of cortisol and could be used as a therapy, offering a pleasant solution to the patients with hypertension, diabetes or heart problems.

“Things are simple: the less stress one has, the better his memory is,” says Dr. Lee Berk, who took part in the study.“Humour reduces the destructive action of hormones associated with stress such as cortisol, which acts on hippocampal neurons responsible for memory function, and reduces the levels of blood pressure, thus improving our mood” explains the researcher.

“Laughter stimulates the release of endorphins and dopamine in the brain, giving us a sense of satisfaction and reward. These beneficial neurochemicals changes, in turn, make the immune system work better,” says Dr. Berk

As shown by the results of the study, laughter causes changes in the brain waves, specifically, gamma waves, which seems to boost memory retrieval processes.

“Laughter leads to the production of brain wave frequencies similar to those observed in people in a meditative state,” adds Dr. Berk.


Research Study

As part of their study, the scientists showed funny videos lasting 20 minutes to a group of healthy elderly people and a group of elderly diabetic patients. Then they asked the volunteers to complete a questionnaire to assess their skills towards learning, memory retrieval and visual recognition. Finally, the results were compared to those of a control group who had the same age but did not watch the videos.

The researchers went on to measure the levels of cortisol both at the beginning and at the end of the experiment. As a result, they detected a significant reduction in levels of the stress hormone in both groups who had watched the videos and showed improvement in the ability to recall their memories compared to the control group.

Specifically, the largest decline in the levels of cortisol was detected in the case of the group of patients with diabetes, while the members of the group of healthy volunteers showed the highest score in the memory test.

“The findings of our study provide potential clinical benefits that could find application in particular in the case of older people,” says study author Dr. Gurinder.

Courtesy: Science Journal Paper

 

Sleep’s-Memory role discovered!

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The mechanism by which a good night’s sleep improves learning and memory has been discovered by scientists.

The team in China and the US used advanced microscopy to witness new connections between brain cells – synapses – forming during sleep.

Their study,  showed even intense training could not make up for lost sleep.

Experts said it was an elegant and significant study, which uncovered the mechanisms of memory.

It is well-known that sleep plays an important role in memory and learning. But what actually happens inside the brain has been a source of considerable debate.

They then looked inside the living brain with a microscope to see what happened when the animals were either sleeping or sleep deprived.

Their study showed that sleeping mice formed significantly more new connections between neurons – they were learning more.

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A connection between two brain cells And by disrupting specific phases of sleep, the research group showed deep or slow-wave sleep was necessary for memory formation.

During this stage, the brain was “replaying” the activity from earlier in the day.

Prof Wen-Biao Said: “Finding out sleep promotes new connections between neurons is new, nobody knew this before.

“We thought sleep helped, but it could have been other causes, and we show it really helps to make connections and that in sleep the brain is not quiet, it is replaying what happened during the day and it seems quite important for making the connections.”

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Analysis

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This is just the latest piece of science to highlight the importance of sleep.

 

A new reason for sleep was discovered last year when experiments showed the brain used sleep to wash away waste toxins built up during a hard day’s thinking.

However, there are concerns that people are not getting enough sleep.

Prof Russell Foster argued that society had become “supremely arrogant” in ignoring the importance of sleep, leading to “serious health problems”.

These include:

  • Cancer
  • Heart disease
  • Type-2 diabetes
  • Infections
  • Obesity

The reward for more sleep, Prof Foster argues, is we would all be “better human beings.”